The launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in southern Kazakhstan is scheduled for 1:45 am ET on Wednesday and will likely be broadcast reside on NASA’s web site. The trio’s Soyuz capsule is predicted to dock with the space station at 4:52 a.m. ET, and the hatch between the space station and the capsule will open at 6:45 a.m. ET, permitting them to enter the station.

This is the second spaceflight for Rubins and Ryzhikov and the primary for Kud-Sverchkov, and they’re going to spend six months on the space station.

Although NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken efficiently launched to the station in May from the United States aboard the SpaceX Endeavour, launches to the space station on the Russian space automobile Soyuz will nonetheless proceed within the a part of Kazakhstan leased to Russia.

Rubins, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov will briefly overlap with NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy and Russian cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner. Cassidy, Ivanishin and Vagner will depart the station utilizing the docked Soyuz capsule and return to Earth on October 21.

The 2nd time round

Rubins will vote within the US presidential election from the space station, in accordance to NASA. In truth, it is her second time voting from space. She voted within the 2016 election throughout her first six-month keep on the space station between July and October 2016.

But coaching and launching throughout a pandemic is a brand new expertise for Rubins — though she’s snug with private protecting gear due to her “old life,” she advised CNN in September. Prior to turning into an astronaut, she was a scientist who studied viral illnesses, most cancers biology, microbiology and immunology.

“I started preparing for this before the pandemic during normal crew training,” she stated. “When NASA shut down, I learned how to train remotely using video and software. I never thought I would train for spaceflight during a pandemic or do spacewalk training from my living room.”

Rubins was ultimately in a position to return to coaching in particular person in Texas and Russia alongside along with her Russian crewmates, all whereas sustaining distance from one another and sporting masks.

Returning to the space station will permit Rubins to test some gadgets off her bucket checklist.

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She was the primary particular person to sequence DNA in space in 2016, and she or he’s trying ahead to persevering with her sequencing analysis in new methods by learning the microbiome, or microbial setting, of the space station.

“The space station has been separate from Earth for 20 years,” Rubins stated. “How is it different? The space station is its own biome with its own resources, with humans coming and going. We want to see what these closed environments do when they’ve been separate for a long time.”

Sequencing DNA can reveal big quantities of data, Rubins stated, so making use of sequencing to the station’s microbiome can reveal a microbial image of the space station — and the way it differs from Earth. It’s an enormous alternative that will not current itself once more as a result of nothing has ever been remoted from Earth for 20 years.

Rubins is raring to use the sequence to push the bounds of what they will do on the space station, in addition to be concerned in cell tradition research. Since her earlier keep on the station, there are new high-resolution microscopes on board she will be able to use to research cells.

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“This time around, it’s all of the things on my bucket list,” Rubins stated. “By waiting to return for a few years, there is new equipment on the station that will enable me to do all of these things.”

Her upcoming mission will embrace conducting analysis utilizing the Cold Atom Laboratory on the station to research atoms in addition to a cardiovascular experiment that follows up on an investigation she labored on throughout her first spaceflight, in accordance to NASA.

Space milestone

The 20th anniversary of a steady human presence on the space station happens on November 1 in the course of the starting of Rubins’ second six-month mission.

“It’s so exciting — we’re at this wonderful time in space station history of operations for 20 years,” she stated. “Inside of this incredibly capable orbiting laboratory, we can do all kinds of experiments, including physics, looking at particles and quantum mechanics, biology experiments, printing organs with tissue-like structures and all the way to human physiology.”

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Rubins can also be trying ahead to the video downlinks the astronauts conduct with college students on Earth, what she refers to as one of many “highlights on the station.” She hopes to join remotely with lecture rooms and reply questions from college students.

“It’s amazing to have that human connection,” she stated. “I know a lot of kids are struggling at home, so hopefully we can bring a little joy to talk about space exploration.”

Full home

During their keep, these astronauts may also be joined by the SpaceX Crew-1 flight, bringing the entire astronauts on the station to seven.

Crew-1 will carry 4 extra astronauts to the space station by way of the company’s Commercial Crew program: NASA astronauts Victor Glover Jr., Michael Hopkins, Shannon Walker and Japan’s Soichi Noguchi.

Crew-1 goes by way of system checks on Earth. It has extra capabilities than Endeavour and will likely be in a position to dock on high of the space station.

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Currently, NASA is concentrating on a launch by early-to-mid-November.

This will permit extra time for SpaceX to full knowledge opinions and {hardware} testing noticed of the Falcon 9 first stage engine gasoline turbines. They exhibited “off-nominal behavior” throughout a latest non-NASA mission launch try, the company stated.

“It’s going to be incredible to have seven people on the space station,” Rubins stated. “It’s designed to handle that. We’ve been preparing for this the last few years by enhancing the scrubbing of carbon dioxide and testing new technology for exploration. Seven crew members aboard allows us to test new atmosphere revitalization and new spacesuit components. We can really increase our science output.”

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