A sweeping nationwide safety legislation handed on June 30 immediately altered the lives and liberties of Hong Kong’s residents, criminalizing phrases and pictures that simply hours earlier had been legally protected free speech.

The subsequent day, 1000’s of pro-democracy demonstrators examined the bounds of the brand new legislation. Some carried indicators bearing slogans like these, which for months had been lawfully displayed in the streets of the semiautonomous Chinese metropolis.



Pro-democracy protests are a daily characteristic on July 1, the anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to Chinese rule from Britain. This yr’s march came about beneath the shadow of the brand new safety legislation.Miguel Candela/EPA, through Shutterstock

The police have since arrested greater than 20 folks beneath the brand new legislation, which lays out political crimes punishable by life imprisonment in critical instances, and permits Beijing to intervene instantly if it needs.

Hong Kong was as soon as a bastion of free speech. It served as a base for the worldwide information media and for rights teams, and as a haven for political refugees, together with the scholar leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing. Books on delicate political subjects which are banned in mainland China discovered a house in the town’s bookstores.

But the bounds of the safety legislation are vaguely outlined. As a consequence, artists, journalists, activists, teachers and others threat operating afoul of the legislation for what they are saying, write, or tweet.

The homeowners of this bubble tea store, who had earlier publicly supported the protests, eliminated the pro-democracy ephemera that after embellished their retailer.






Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Post-It notes with messages supporting the protesters

Black T-shirts, worn by protesters, turned an emblem of the motion

This character turned an unofficial protest mascot

DECEMBER 2019 This bubble tea store proudly displayed its help of the protest motion. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

SEPTEMBER 2020 Months later, after the nationwide safety legislation had been handed, the store’s homeowners eliminated the entire pro-democracy ephemera. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times


One restaurant took down indicators in help of the protests and changed them with Mao-era propaganda posters, giving the Communist Party’s requires revolution again then an ironic fashionable twist.






Leaflets let protesters know when marches would happen

Communist Party propaganda changed protest posters.

“United Together to Fight

for Bigger Victories”

“Right to Revolution!

Right to Rebel!”

“I Get Stronger As I Fight,

Meanwhile My Enemies Get Weaker”

“Break the Old World;

Create a New World.”

SEPTEMBER 1, 2020 Mao-era propaganda posters, a sly criticism after the legislation was handed. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

JANUARY 2020 Calendars promoting the date and placement of upcoming protests have been displayed on the entrance of this restaurant. Dai Todum through Google Maps

Leaflets let protesters know when marches would happen

Communist Party propaganda changed protest posters.

“United Together to Fight

for Bigger Victories”

“Right to Revolution!

Right to Rebel!”

“Break the Old World;

Create a New World.”

JANUARY 2020 Calendars promoting the date and placement of upcoming protests have been displayed on the entrance of this restaurant. Dai Todum through Google Maps

SEPTEMBER 1, 2020 Mao-era propaganda posters, a sly criticism after the legislation was handed. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Leaflets let protesters know when marches would happen

Communist Party propaganda changed protest posters.

“Break the Old World;

Create a New World.”

“Right to Revolution!

Right to Rebel!”

JANUARY 2020 Calendars promoting the date and placement of upcoming protests have been displayed on the entrance of this restaurant. Dai Todum through Google Maps

SEPTEMBER 1, 2020 Mao-era propaganda posters, a sly criticism after the legislation was handed. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Leaflets let protesters know when marches would happen

Communist Party propaganda changed protest posters.

“Break the Old World;

Create a New World.”

“Right to Revolution!

Right to Rebel!”

JANUARY 2020 Calendars promoting the date and placement of upcoming protests have been displayed on the entrance of this restaurant. Dai Todum through Google Maps

SEPTEMBER 1, 2020 Mao-era propaganda posters, a sly criticism after the legislation was handed. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times

Leaflets let protesters know when marches would happen

JANUARY 2020 Calendars promoting the date and placement of upcoming protests have been displayed on the entrance of this restaurant. Dai Todum through Google Maps

Communist Party propaganda changed protest posters.

“Break the Old World;

Create a New World.”

“Right to Revolution!

Right to Rebel!”

SEPTEMBER 1, 2020 Mao-era propaganda posters, a sly criticism after the legislation was handed. Lam Yik Fei for The New York Times


Publishers have rapidly rewritten sections of textbooks used in a compulsory highschool civics course to keep away from the looks of brazenly criticizing the federal government. In one ebook, a writer eliminated a cartoon that raised questions on how Hong Kong’s chief is chosen — by a small committee stacked with supporters of Beijing.






“We Oppose Small-Circle Elections!”

“The right to nominate candidates”

This cartoon criticizing the method by which Hong Kong’s chief govt is chosen has been faraway from “Hong Kong Today,” a textbook used in a highschool civics course, in its newest version.

“The right to nominate candidates”

“We Oppose Small-Circle Elections!”

This cartoon criticizing the method by which Hong Kong’s chief govt is chosen has been faraway from “Hong Kong Today,” a textbook used in a highschool civics course, in its newest version.

“The right to nominate candidates”

“We Oppose Small-Circle Elections!”

This cartoon criticizing the method by which Hong Kong’s chief govt is chosen has been faraway from “Hong Kong Today,” a textbook used in a highschool civics course, in its newest version.


Passages about corrupt celebration officers and the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown on democracy protesters, a subject largely taboo in faculties in the mainland, have been amended or faraway from new textbooks, a Times evaluation has discovered.

The enforcement of the brand new safety legislation in Hong Kong’s faculties and universities targets the town’s youthful residents, who performed a crucial position in months of protests final yr. Forty p.c of the 10,000 protesters arrested over the previous yr have been college students and about one in six have been beneath the age of 18, in accordance with the police.

Libraries have eliminated books written by democracy activists and positioned them beneath assessment. And writers engaged on delicate subjects have sought publishers abroad.






“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kong over considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Left: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kong over considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Left: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kong over considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Left: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kongover considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Left: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kong over considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Bottom left: The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

 

Bottom center: The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

 

Bottom proper: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

 

 

 

 

“Liberate Hong Kong,

Revolution of Our Time”

Top: The ebook “Our Last Evolution,” which documented the pro-democracy protests, was revealed in Taiwan as a substitute of Hong Kong over considerations in regards to the security of contributors.

 

Bottom left: The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

 

Bottom center: The books “I Am Not A Hero” by Joshua Wong, a distinguished activist, and “My Journeys for Food and Justice” by Tanya Chan, a pro-democracy lawmaker, have been amongst these faraway from library cabinets as they have been put beneath assessment.

 

Bottom proper: The writer of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” a set of essays in regards to the protests, had bother discovering a printer that will put out the ebook.

 

 

 

 


Raymond Yeung, the creator of “To Freedom: A Year of Defiance in Hong Kong,” mentioned three printers in the town refused to supply his ebook after the legislation was handed.

To get the ebook revealed, he mentioned, he needed to take away images that included the slogan “Liberate Hong Kong” and all mentions of independence for Hong Kong.

The safety legislation has additionally despatched a chill by means of Hong Kong’s as soon as freewheeling information media.

RTHK, the general public broadcaster, eliminated a political podcast from its web site after the authorities warned that an interview with Nathan Law, a democracy activist now dwelling overseas, could possibly be in breach of the brand new legislation.

In August, Jimmy Lai, the writer of Apple Daily, an area newspaper, was arrested beneath the legislation. During a raid on the workplace of Mr. Lai’s newspaper, the police selectively barred a number of information shops from getting previous their cordon.

Lau Kwong Shing, an illustrator identified for art work supporting the protests, mentioned he deliberate to depart Hong Kong, however in the meantime would take a break from explicitly political drawings.






Illustrations by Lau Kwong Shing. The artist has mentioned he’ll chorus from making overtly political works till he can depart Hong Kong.

Illustrations by Lau Kwong Shing. The artist has mentioned he’ll chorus from making overtly political works till he can depart Hong Kong.


“Staying in Hong Kong could become dangerous,” Mr. Lau mentioned. “What I illustrate is just an expression of my thoughts, but that might now come with legal consequences.”

Others have sought artistic methods to skirt the legislation. They carry clean indicators or ones with coded messages. They play protest songs however with out lyrics.






The authorities has mentioned that the protest slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of Our Times,” could possibly be seditious beneath the safety legislation.

A professional-democracy activist raises a banner studying “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time” outdoors a shopping center on May 1, 2020. Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Protesters transformed the message into shapes and patterns in order to skirt the legislation.

The authorities has mentioned that the protest slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of Our Times,” could possibly be seditious beneath the safety legislation.

A professional-democracy activist raises a banner studying “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time” outdoors a shopping center on May 1, 2020. Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Protesters transformed the message into shapes and patterns in order to skirt the legislation.

The authorities has mentioned that the protest slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of Our Times,” could possibly be seditious beneath the safety legislation.

A professional-democracy activist raises a banner studying “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time” outdoors a shopping center on May 1, 2020. Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Protesters transformed the message into shapes and patterns in order to skirt the legislation.

The authorities has mentioned that the protest slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of Our Times,” could possibly be seditious beneath the safety legislation.

A professional-democracy activist raises a banner studying “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time” outdoors a shopping center on May 1, 2020. Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Protesters transformed the message into shapes and patterns in order to skirt the legislation.

The authorities has mentioned that the protest slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of Our Times,” could possibly be seditious beneath the safety legislation

A professional-democracy activist raises a banner studying “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time” outdoors a shopping center on May 1, 2020. Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Protesters transformed the message into shapes and patterns in order to skirt the legislation.


But there are considerations that even such workarounds could also be deemed unlawful.

“The police were giving warnings to young protesters holding blank signs,” mentioned Claudia Mo, a pro-democracy lawmaker. “They are trying to say: ‘If we say you’re expressing a criminal opinion, then that’s it, because we are the law.’”



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